Healing Properties of Broccoli
Broccoli is a valuable dietary product used for baby food. This cabbage is very useful for people suffering from liver and stomach diseases. Scientific medicine recommends broccoli as the ideal preventive treatment for atherosclerosis. Due to the presence of anti-sclerotic compounds (methionine, choline) in the protein (protein), asparagus is considered a good remedy for premature aging.
Agrotechnology of broccoli is similar to that of cauliflower; it is grown in a seedling and non-seedling way. When sowing seeds directly into open ground, seedlings appear on the 4th-5th day. For an earlier harvest, seedlings are grown. The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings is March 10-15. Due to the short growing season [60-90 days) broccoli can be grown in several times, therefore it is advisable to grow seedlings in 2-3 doses. Seedlings dive in the phase of the 1st true leaf (on the 8-10th day after germination). Plants are hardened 10-15 days before planting in a permanent place. By the time they are planted in open ground, they should have 5-6 true leaves. Planted 40-45-day broccoli seedlings at several times, starting from the third decade of April to the first decade of July, every 10-15 days. It can be used as a compactor of late-ripening cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Plant nutrition area 35×25, 45×30, 45×45 cm.
Care consists in removing weeds and loosening the soil. During the growing season, as a rule, 3-4 loosening is carried out, combining them with irrigation, and 1-2 additional feeding with mullein (slurry diluted with water 1:10) or mineral fertilizers (30-40 g per 10 l of water). During the formation of the heads, nitrogen fertilizers should account for only one fifth of phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Unlike cauliflower, broccoli does not require shading to form its head.
It is very important to start cleaning the heads on time. The interphase period (budding – flowering) in broccoli is only 7-10 days, and in hot weather it is even shorter. Therefore, it is better to cut off small heads in a timely manner and use them for food than, while waiting for their size to increase, remain completely without a crop. In 5-8 days after the appearance of the central head, the lateral shoots that have developed in the leaf axils develop second-order heads. They are denser, weighing 160-200 g, do not bloom for a long time and do not lose marketability. They can only be kept in the refrigerator for a few days as they quickly overripe and turn yellow.